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Format: 2020


Remedial Math: Rather than Spend More on Schools, We Should Spend More Wisely. The New Democrat, 7(6) , November/December 1995, pp. 25-27.
Making Schools Work: Spending and Student Achievement. Heartland Policy Study No. 68, The Heartland Institute, September 26, 1995.
Education Investment and Education Reform. Jobs and Capital, (Milken Institute for Jobs and Capital Formation) 3 (Fall), 1994, pp. 36-38.
Money Might Matter Somewhere: A Response to Hedges, Laine, and Greenwald. Educational Researcher, 23(4), May 1994, pp. 5-8.

Working Papers

Testing. (with Annika B. Bergbauer and Ludger Woessmann). NBER Working Paper No. 24836 (revised), National Bureau of Economic Research, July 2018 (revised November 2019).
The Evolution of Charter School Quality. (with Patrick Baude, Marcus Casey, and Steven G. Rivkin). NBER Working Paper No. 20645 [forthcoming Economica], National Bureau of Economic Research, October.
Estimating the Effect of Leaders on Public Sector Productivity: The Case of School Principals. (with Gregory F. Branch and Steven G. Rivkin). NBER Working Paper 17803, National Bureau of Economic Research, January 2012.


Schoolhouses, Courthouses, and Statehouses: Solving the Funding-Achievement Puzzle in America's Public Schools. (with Alfred A. Lindseth). Princeton University Press, 2009, 432 pages.
Improving America's Schools: The Role of Incentives. (co-editor with Dale W. Jorgenson). Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1996, 280 pages.
Making Schools Work: Improving Performance and Controlling Costs. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution, 1994, 200 pages.
Educational Performance of the Poor: Lessons from Rural Northeast Brazil. (with Ralph W. Harbison). New York: Oxford University Press, 1992, 362 pages.
Education and Race: An Analysis of the Educational Production Process. Lexington, MA: D.C. Heath, 1972, 176 pages.

Academic Articles

Education Production Functions. In Steve Bradley and Colin Green (ed.), Economics of Education, 2nd Edition, London: Academic Press, 2020, pp. 161-170.
The Evolution of Charter School Quality. (with Patrick L. Baude, Marcus Casey, Greg Phelan, and Steven G. Rivkin). Economica, 87(345), January 2020, pp. 158-189.
Financing Schools. In John Hattie and Eric M. Anderman (ed.), Visible Learning Guide to Student Achievement, London: Routledge, 2019, pp. 92-97.
Testing, Accountability and the American Economy. ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 683, May 2019, 110-128.
Missouri's Economic Future Lies with School Reform. Missouri Policy Journal, 6, Spring 2018, pp. 23-38.
Defining Productivity in Education: Issues and Illustrations. (with Elizabeth Ettema). The American Economist, 65(2), October 2017, pp. 165-183.
School Resources and Student Achievement: A Review of Cross-Country Economic Research. (with Ludger Woessmann). In Monica Rosén, Kajsa Yang Hansen, and Ulrika Wolff (ed.). Cognitive Abilities and Educational Outcomes: A Festschrift in Honour of Jan-Eric Gustafsson, Springer, 2017, pp. 149-171.