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Format: 2017

General Audience Articles

An Evidence-Based World. In Koret Task Force, American Education in 2030: An Assessment by Hoover Institution’s Koret Task Force on K–12 Education, Stanford, CA: Hoover Institution, 2010.
Why the Federal Government Should Be Involved in School Accountability. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 24(1), Winter 2005, pp. 168-172.
Shopping for Evidence Against School Accountability. (with Margaret E. Raymond). In William J. Fowler, Jr. (ed.). Developments in School Finance: 2003, (Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics), 2004, pp. 119-130.
High Stakes Research. (with Margaret E. Raymond) . Education Next, 3(3), Summer 2003, pp. 48-55.
Sorting out accountability systems. (with Margaret E. Raymond). In Williamson M. Evers, Herbert J. Walberg (Eds.). School Accountability, 2002, pp. 75-104.


Building on No Child Left Behind. Science, 326, November 2009, pp. 802-803.

Working Papers

Imperfect Performance Information and Public Sector Personnel Decisions : The Case of School Principals. (with Julie Berry Cullen, Gregory Phelan, and Steven G. Rivkin) . NBER Working Paper No. 22881, December 2016.


Schoolhouses, Courthouses, and Statehouses: Solving the Funding-Achievement Puzzle in America's Public Schools. (with Alfred A. Lindseth). Princeton University Press, 2009, 432 pages.
Making Schools Work: Improving Performance and Controlling Costs. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution, 1994, 200 pages.

Academic Articles

A flawed analysis of unrepresentative state achievement data. Educational Policy, 26(3), May 2012, 360-368.
The Quality and Distribution of Teachers under the No Child Left Behind Act. (with Steven G. Rivkin) . Journal of Economic Perspectives, 24(3), Summer 2010, pp. 133-150.
Early Returns from School Accountability. (with Margaret E. Raymond). in Paul E. Peterson (ed.). Generational Change: Closing the Test Score Gap, Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2006, pp. 143-166.
School Accountability and Student Performance. (with Margaret E. Raymond). Regional Economic Development, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, 2(1) , March 2006, pp. 51-61.
Does School Accountability Lead to Improved Student Performance?. (with Margaret E. Raymond). . Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 24(2), Spring 2005, pp. 298-327.
The Effect of School Accountability Systems on the Level and Distribution of Student Achievement. (with Margaret E. Raymond) . Journal of the European Economic Association, 2(2-3), May 2004, pp. 406-415.
Lessons about the Design of State Accountability Systems. (with Margaret E. Raymond). In Paul E. Peterson and Martin R. West (ed.). No Child Left Behind? The Politics and Practice of Accountability, Washington, DC: Brookings, 2003, pp. 126-151.
Improving Educational Quality: How Best to Evaluate Our Schools. (with Margaret E. Raymond). In Yolanda Kodrzycki (ed.). Education in the 21st Century: Meeting the Challenges of a Changing World, Boston, MA: Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, 2003, pp. 193-224.
The Confusing World of Educational Accountability. (with Margaret E. Raymond) . National Tax Journal, 54(2), June 2001, pp. 365-384.