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Format: 2023


U.S. School Finance: Resources and Outcomes. (with Danielle V. Handel). Cato Research Briefs in Economic Policy, No. 343, July 26, 2023.
Patience, risk-taking, and international differences in student achievement. (with Lavinia Kinne, Philipp Lergetporer, Ludger Woessmann). VoxEU, August 2, 2020.
Education Reform. In Scott W. Atlas, Jesús Fernández-Villaverde, Eric A. Hanushek, Edward P. Lazear, Lee Ohanian, Joshua D. Rauh, and Frank A. Wolak, Economic Policy Challenges Facing California’s Next Governor, Stanford, CA: Hoover Institution Press, October 2018, pp. 19-23.
Total Student Load: Maybe worth a longer look, but hardly a revolution. (A review of The Secret of TSL: The revolutionary discovery that raises school performance, by William G. Ouchi) . Education Next, 10(2), Spring 2010, pp. 84-85.
Remedial Math: Rather than Spend More on Schools, We Should Spend More Wisely. The New Democrat, 7(6) , November/December 1995, pp. 25-27.
Making Schools Work: Spending and Student Achievement. Heartland Policy Study No. 68, The Heartland Institute, September 26, 1995.
Education Investment and Education Reform. Jobs and Capital, (Milken Institute for Jobs and Capital Formation) 3 (Fall), 1994, pp. 36-38.
Money Might Matter Somewhere: A Response to Hedges, Laine, and Greenwald. Educational Researcher, 23(4), May 1994, pp. 5-8.

Working Papers

Can Patience Account for Subnational Differences in Student Achievement? Regional Analysis with Facebook Interests. (with Lavinia Kinne, Pietro Sancassani, and Ludger Woessmann). NBER Working Paper No. 31690, National Bureau of Economic Research, September 2023.
The Effects of Comprehensive Educator Evaluation and Pay Reform on Achievement. (with Jin Luo, Andrew Morgan, Minh Nguyen, Ben Ost, and Steven G. Rivkin, Ayman Shakeel). NBER Working Paper No. 31073, National Bureau of Economic Research, March 2023.
Culture and Student Achievement: The Intertwined Roles of Patience and Risk-Taking. (with Lavinia Kinne, Philipp Lergetporer, and Ludger Woessmann). NBER Working Paper No. 27484, National Bureau of Economic Research, July 2020.
Can Greater Access to Education Be Inequitable? New Evidence from India’s Right to Education Act. (with Chirantan Chatterjee and Shreekanth Mahendiran). NBER Working Paper No. 27377, National Bureau of Economic Research, June 2020.
Testing. (with Annika B. Bergbauer and Ludger Woessmann). NBER Working Paper No. 24836 (revised), National Bureau of Economic Research, July 2018 (revised November 2019).
Estimating the Effect of Leaders on Public Sector Productivity: The Case of School Principals. (with Gregory F. Branch and Steven G. Rivkin). NBER Working Paper 17803, National Bureau of Economic Research, January 2012.


Schoolhouses, Courthouses, and Statehouses: Solving the Funding-Achievement Puzzle in America's Public Schools. (with Alfred A. Lindseth). Princeton University Press, 2009, 432 pages.
Improving America's Schools: The Role of Incentives. (co-editor with Dale W. Jorgenson). Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1996, 280 pages.