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Format: 2023


Making Schools Work: Improving Performance and Controlling Costs. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution, 1994, 200 pages.
Educational Performance of the Poor: Lessons from Rural Northeast Brazil. (with Ralph W. Harbison). New York: Oxford University Press, 1992, 362 pages.
Education and Race: An Analysis of the Educational Production Process. Lexington, MA: D.C. Heath, 1972, 176 pages.

Academic Articles

Some Evolving Issues in K–12 Education. In Michael J. Boskin (ed.), American Federalism Today: Perspectives on Political and Economic Governance, Stanford, CA: Hoover Press, 2024.
Testing. (with Annika B. Bergbauer and Ludger Woessmann). Journal of Human Resources, 59(2), March, 2024, 349-388.
Performance Information and Personnel Decisions in the Public Sector: The Case of School Principals. (with Julie Berry Cullen, Gregory Phelan, and Steven G. Rivkin). Journal of Human Resources, 59(1), January, 2024.
U.S. School Finance: Resources and Outcomes. (with Danielle Victoria Handel) in Eric A. Hanushek, Stephen Machin and Ludger Woessmann (ed.). Handbook of the Economics of Education, Vol. 7, Amsterdam: North Holland, 2023, 143-226.
Incidence and Outcomes of School Finance Litigation: 1968-2021. (with Matthew Joyce-Wirtz). Public Finance Review, 56(6), November, 2023, 741-781.
Patience, Risk-Taking, and Human Capital Investment across Countries. (with Lavinia Kinne, Philipp Lergetporer, and Ludger Woessmann). Economic Journal, 132 (646), 2022, pp. 2290-2307.
United States: The Uphill Schools’ Struggle. In Nuno Crato (ed.), Improving a Country’s Education: PISA 2018 Results in 10 Countries, Cham, Switzerland: Springer, 2021, pp. 227-247.
Education Production Functions. In Steve Bradley and Colin Green (ed.), Economics of Education, 2nd Edition, London: Academic Press, 2020, pp. 161-170.
The Evolution of Charter School Quality. (with Patrick L. Baude, Marcus Casey, Greg Phelan, and Steven G. Rivkin). Economica, 87(345), January 2020, pp. 158-189.
Financing Schools. In John Hattie and Eric M. Anderman (ed.), Visible Learning Guide to Student Achievement, London: Routledge, 2019, pp. 92-97.
Testing, Accountability and the American Economy. ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 683, May 2019, 110-128.
Missouri's Economic Future Lies with School Reform. Missouri Policy Journal, 6, Spring 2018, pp. 23-38.
Defining Productivity in Education: Issues and Illustrations. (with Elizabeth Ettema). The American Economist, 65(2), October 2017, pp. 165-183.
School Resources and Student Achievement: A Review of Cross-Country Economic Research. (with Ludger Woessmann). In Monica Rosén, Kajsa Yang Hansen, and Ulrika Wolff (ed.). Cognitive Abilities and Educational Outcomes: A Festschrift in Honour of Jan-Eric Gustafsson, Springer, 2017, pp. 149-171.
Dynamic Effects of Teacher Turnover on the Quality of Instruction. (with Steven G. Rivkin and Jeffrey C. Schiman) . Economics of Education Review, 55, December 2016, pp. 132-148.
Economics of Education. In James D. Wright (ed.), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2nd Edition, Oxford: Elsevier, April 2015, pp. 149-157.
Institutional Structures of the Education System and Student Achievement: A Review of Cross-country Economic Research. (with Ludger Woessmann). In Rolf Strietholt, Wilfried Bos, Jan-Eric Gustafsson, and Monica Rosen (ed.) . Educational Policy Evaluation through International Comparative Assessments, Munster, Germany: Waxman, 2014, pp. 145-175.