The educational story in the United States is thoroughly intertwined with residential location. Poverty, race, and schooling are very highly correlated with location, and the institutional structure of public education decision making in the United States leads to a close linkage of location, housing, and education. As a result, residential decisions have added implications for households. Moreover, the reliance on the local tax for a large portion of school funding implies that the governmental grant system has an important effect on both locational decisions and on educational outcomes. This chapter provides a theoretical and empirical discussion of the interaction of location and schooling.