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Institutional Structures of the Education System and Student Achievement: A Review of Cross-country Economic Research

Author/s: 
Eric A. Hanushek, Ludger Woessmann
Published Date: 
2014
Editors: 
Rolf Strietholt, Wilfried Bos, Jan-Eric Gustafsson, and Monica Rosen
Publication: 
Educational Policy Evaluation through International Comparative Assessments
Details: 
Munster, Germany: Waxman
Pages: 
pp. 145-175

Virtually all nations of the world today realize the research and policy value of student performance data that come from testing the cognitive skills of students. While there is wide variation across nations in testing - differing by subject matter, grade level, purpose, and quality of testing - the idea of assessing what students know as opposed to how long they have been in school has diffused around the world, in part at the instigation of international development and aid agencies. Somewhat less known is that comparative cross-national testing has been going on for a long time. Nations participated in common international assessments of mathematics and science long before they instituted national testing programs. These common international assessments provide unique data for understanding both the importance of various factors determining achievement and the impact of skills on economic and social outcomes.