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Class Size

Format: 2023

General Audience Articles

Conclusions and Controversies about the Effectiveness of School Resources. FRBNY Economic Policy Review, 4(1), March 1998, pp. 11-28.


Improving Student Achievement: Is Reducing Class Size the Answer?. Policy Brief, Progressive Policy Institute, June 1998.

Academic Articles

U.S. School Finance: Resources and Outcomes. (with Danielle Victoria Handel) in Eric A. Hanushek, Stephen Machin and Ludger Woessmann (ed.). Handbook of the Economics of Education, Vol. 7, Amsterdam: North Holland, 2023, 143-226.
The Economics of International Differences in Educational Achievement. (with Ludger Woessmann) in Eric A. Hanushek, Stephen Machin and Ludger Woessmann (ed.). Handbook of the Economics of Education, Vol. 3, Amsterdam: North Holland, 2011, pp. 89-200.
School Resources. In Eric A. Hanushek and Finis Welch (Ed.) , Handbook of the Economics of Education, Volume 2, Amsterdam: North Holland, 2006, pp. 865-908.
Teachers, Schools, and Academic Achievement. (with Steven G. Rivkin and John F. Kain) . Econometrica, 73(2), March 2005, pp. 417-458.
Efficiency and Equity in Schools around the World. (with Javier A. Luque) . Economics of Education Review, 22(5), October 2003, pp. 481-502.
The Failure of Input-based Schooling Policies. The Economic Journal, 113, February 2003, pp. 64-98.
Evidence, Politics, and the Class Size Debate. In Lawrence Mishel and Richard Rothstein (ed.) , The Class Size Debate, Washington, DC: Economic Policy Institute, 2002, pp. 37-65.
Publicly Provided Education. in Alan J. Auerbach and Martin Feldstein (ed.) . Handbook of Public Economics (Amsterdam: North-Holland, 2002), 2002, pp. 2045-2141.
Smaller Classes, Lower Salaries? The Effects of Class Size on Teacher Labor Markets. (with Javier Luque). In Sabrina W.M. Laine and James G. Ward (ed.). Using What We Know: A Review of the Research on Implementing Class-Size Reduction Initiatives for State and Local Policymakers, Oak Brook, Ill.: North Central Regional Educational Laboratory, 2000, pp. 35-51.
The Evidence on Class Size. in Susan E. Mayer and Paul E. Peterson (ed.) . Earning and learning: How schools matter, Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 1999, pp. 131-168.
The Impact of Differential Expenditures on School Performance. Educational Researcher, 18(4), May 1989, pp. 45-51.
The Economics of Schooling: Production and Efficiency in Public Schools. Journal of Economic Literature, 49(3), September 1986, pp. 1141-1177.
Throwing Money at Schools. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 1(1), Autumn 1981, pp. 19-41.