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Urban education, location, and opportunity in the United States

Eric A. Hanushek, Kuzey Yilmaz
Published Date: 
in Nancy Brooks, Kieran Donaghy, and Gerrit-Jan Knaap (ed.)
Oxford Handbook of Urban Economics and Planning
Oxford: Oxford University Press
pp. 583-615

Much of the educational story of the United States can be summarized by economic status and race. In turn, there is a locational aspect to much of this story. In simplest terms, poverty, race and schooling are very highly correlated with location. Individual economic circumstances combined with the institutional structure of public decision making in the United States lead to a very close link of location, housing, and education. As a result, residential decisions have added implications for households. Moreover, the reliance on the local tax for a large portion of school funding implies that the governmental grant system has an important effect on both locational decisions and educational outcomes. This chapter provides a theoretical and empirical discussion of the interaction of location and schooling.