Academic Experience


Paul and Jean Hanna Senior Fellow, Hoover Institution, Stanford University

  • Professor (by courtesy) of Education (2001- )
  • Senior Fellow (by courtesy), Stanford Center for International Development [SCID], Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research [SIEPR], (2003-2023)
  • Professor (by courtesy) of Economics (2004-2007)
2020-Member, Council of Luminaries, Yidan Foundation
2019-Chairman, Hoover Education Success Initiative, Stanford University
2019-Co-Director, International Comparative Educational Policy Laboratory, ifo Institute
2003-Chairman, Executive Board, Texas Schools Project, University of Texas at Dallas
2000-Senior Research Fellow, University of Texas at Dallas
1995-Research Associate, National Bureau of Economic Research
2006-Research Professor, Ifo Institute for Economic Research (University of Munich)
Research Fellow, IZA Institute of Labor Economics
2008-Member, Management Team, Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER)
2008-Area coordinator, Economics of Education, CESifo Research Network
John H. Makin Visiting Scholar, American Enterprise Institute (AEI)
2013-2016Member, Council of Academic Advisers, American Enterprise Institute
1999-2015Member, Koret Task Force on K-12 Education, Hoover Institution, Stanford University
2006-2008Member, Scientific Advisory Council, Ifo Institute for Economic Research

Professor of Economics and Political Science, University of Rochester

  • Founding Director, W. Allen Wallis Institute of Political Economy (1991-99)
  • Professor of Public Policy (1992-2000)
  • Senior Research Associate, Rochester Center for Economic Research (1984-2000; Director, 1994-99)
  • Chairman, Department of Economics (1982-87; 1988-90; 1991-93)
1999-2000Distinguished Visiting Fellow, Hoover Institution, Stanford University
1994Visiting Fellow, Australian National University
1975-78Associate Professor, Department of Economics and Institution for Social and Policy Studies, Yale University
1974Lecturer, Virginia Polytechnic Institute (Reston Campus)
1968-73Associate Professor of Economics, U.S. Air Force Academy (Assistant Professor, 1969-71; Instructor, 1968-69)
1970-71Research Associate, J.F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University