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Unintended consequences to education for all: India’s Right to Education Act

Chirantan Chatterjee, Eric A. Hanushek, Shreekanth Mahendiran
Published Date: 
July 23, 2020
New tuition center registrations per billion persons

Expanding access to schools has been an important goal of development policy. This column studies the 2009 Right to Education Act in India intended to mandate compulsory and free access to schools for all children aged 6 to 14. It finds that the act led to an increase in the number of private tuition centres which partly crowded out the goal of more equal access to education as only children from wealthier households can afford private tuition.