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Format: 2017

Working Papers

Defining Productivity in Education: Issues and Illustrations. (with Elizabeth Ettema). Hoover Institution, Stanford University, forthcoming American Economist, December 2015.
The Evolution of Charter School Quality. (with Patrick Baude, Marcus Casey, and Steven G. Rivkin). NBER Working Paper No. 20645, National Bureau of Economic Research, October.
Estimating the Effect of Leaders on Public Sector Productivity: The Case of School Principals. (with Gregory F. Branch and Steven G. Rivkin). NBER Working Paper 17803, National Bureau of Economic Research, January 2012.


Schoolhouses, Courthouses, and Statehouses: Solving the Funding-Achievement Puzzle in America's Public Schools. (with Alfred A. Lindseth). Princeton University Press, 2009, 432 pages.
Improving America's Schools: The Role of Incentives. (co-editor with Dale W. Jorgenson). Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1996, 280 pages.
Making Schools Work: Improving Performance and Controlling Costs. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution, 1994, 200 pages.
Educational Performance of the Poor: Lessons from Rural Northeast Brazil. (with Ralph W. Harbison). New York: Oxford University Press, 1992, 362 pages.
Education and Race: An Analysis of the Educational Production Process. Lexington, MA: D.C. Heath, 1972, 176 pages.

Academic Articles

Defining Productivity in Education: Issues and Illustrations. (with Elizabeth Ettema). The American Economist, 65(2), October 2017, 165-183.
Dynamic Effects of Teacher Turnover on the Quality of Instruction. (with Steven G. Rivkin and Jeffrey C. Schiman) . Economics of Education Review, 55, December 2016, 132-148.
School Resources and Student Achievement: A Review of Cross-Country Economic Research. (with Ludger Woessmann). In Monica Rosén, Kajsa Yang Hansen, and Ulrika Wolff (ed.). Cognitive Abilities and Educational Outcomes: A Festschrift in Honour of Jan-Eric Gustafsson, Springer, 2017, pp. 149-171.
Economics of Education. In James D. Wright (ed.), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2nd Edition, Oxford: Elsevier, April 2015, 149-157.
Institutional Structures of the Education System and Student Achievement: A Review of Cross-country Economic Research. (with Ludger Woessmann). In Rolf Strietholt, Wilfried Bos, Jan-Eric Gustafsson, and Monica Rosen (ed.) . Educational Policy Evaluation through International Comparative Assessments, Munster, Germany: Waxman, 2014, pp. 145-175.
Borrowing Constraints, College Aid, and Intergenerational Mobility. (with Charles Ka Yui Leung and Kuzey Yilmaz). Journal of Human Capital, 8(1), Spring 2014, pp. 1-41.
School resources and educational outcomes in developing countries: A review of the literature from 1990 to 2010. (with Paul W. Glewwe, Sarah D. Humpage, and Renato Ravina). In Paul Glewwe (ed.) . Education Policy in Developing Countries, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013, pp. 13-64.
Economic Growth in Developing Countries: The Role of Human Capital. Economics of Education Review, 37, December 2013, pp. 204–212.
Does School Autonomy Make Sense Everywhere? Panel Estimates from PISA. (with Susanne Link and Ludger Woessmann). Journal of Development Economics, 104, September 2013, pp. 212-232.
Private Schools and Residential Choices: Accessibility, Mobility, and Welfare. (with Sinan Sarpça and Kuzey Yilmaz) . B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy (Contributions), 11(1) article 44, 2011, pp. 1-32.
How Much Do Educational Outcomes Matter in OECD Countries?. (with Ludger Woessmann) . Economic Policy, 26(67), July 2011, pp. 427-491.