Skip to content Skip to navigation


Format: 2017

Working Papers

The Value of Smarter Teachers: International Evidence on Teacher Cognitive Skills and Student Performance. (with Marc Piopiunik and Simon Wiederhold). NBER Working Paper No. 20727, National Bureau of Economic Research, December 2014 (revised April 2017).


Universal Basic Skills: What countries stand to gain. (with Ludger Woessmann). Paris: OECD Publishing, 2015, 110 pages.
The Knowledge Capital of Nations: Education and the Economics of Growth. (with Ludger Woessmann). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2015, 262 pages.
Endangering Prosperity: A Global View of the American School. (with Paul E. Peterson and Ludger Woessmann). Washington, DC: Brookings Press, 2013, 147 pages.
Educational Performance of the Poor: Lessons from Rural Northeast Brazil. (with Ralph W. Harbison). New York: Oxford University Press, 1992, 362 pages.

Academic Articles

Coping with Change: International Differences in the Returns to Skills. (with Guido Schwerdt, Simon Wiederhold, and Ludger Woessmann) . Economic Letters, 153, April 2017, 15-19.
School Resources and Student Achievement: A Review of Cross-Country Economic Research. (with Ludger Woessmann). In Monica Rosén, Kajsa Yang Hansen, and Ulrika Wolff (ed.). Cognitive Abilities and Educational Outcomes: A Festschrift in Honour of Jan-Eric Gustafsson, Springer, 2017, pp. 149-171.
Why Standard Measures of Human Capital are Misleading. KDI Journal of Economic Policy, 37(2), 2015, 22-39.
The Economic Impact of Educational Quality. (with Ludger Woessmann). In Pauline Dixon, Steve Humble, and Chris Counihan (ed.). Handbook of International Development and Education, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, pp. 6-19.
Returns to Skills around the World: Evidence from PIAAC. (with Guido Schwerdt, Simon Wiederhold, and Ludger Woessmann). European Economic Review, 73, January 2015, pp. 103-130.
Institutional Structures of the Education System and Student Achievement: A Review of Cross-country Economic Research. (with Ludger Woessmann). In Rolf Strietholt, Wilfried Bos, Jan-Eric Gustafsson, and Monica Rosen (ed.) . Educational Policy Evaluation through International Comparative Assessments, Munster, Germany: Waxman, 2014, pp. 145-175.
School resources and educational outcomes in developing countries: A review of the literature from 1990 to 2010. (with Paul W. Glewwe, Sarah D. Humpage, and Renato Ravina). In Paul Glewwe (ed.) . Education Policy in Developing Countries, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013, pp. 13-64.
Does School Autonomy Make Sense Everywhere? Panel Estimates from PISA. (with Susanne Link and Ludger Woessmann). Journal of Development Economics, 104, September 2013, pp. 212-232.
Do Better Schools Lead to More Growth? Cognitive Skills, Economic Outcomes, and Causation . (with Ludger Woessmann). Journal of Economic Growth, 17(4), December 2012, pp. 267-321.
Schooling, Educational Achievement, and the Latin American Growth Puzzle . (with Ludger Woessmann). Journal of Development Economics, 99(2), November 2012, pp. 497-512.
The Role of International Assessments of Cognitive Skills in the Analysis of Growth and Development. (with Ludger Woessmann), In Matthias von Davier, Eugenio Gonzalez, Irwin Kirsch, and Kentaro Yamamoto (Ed.). The Role of International Large-Scale Assessments: Perspectives from Technology, Economy, and Educational Research, Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer, 2012, 47-65.
The Economic Benefit of Educational Reform in the European Union. (with Ludger Woessmann) . CESifo Economic Studies, 58(1), March 2012, pp. 73–109.
How Much Do Educational Outcomes Matter in OECD Countries?. (with Ludger Woessmann). . Economic Policy, 26(67), July 2011, pp. 427-491.
Sample Selectivity and the Validity of International Student Achievement Tests in Economic Research. (with Ludger Woessmann) . Economics Letters, 110(2), February 2011, pp. 79-82.
The Economics of International Differences in Educational Achievement. (with Ludger Woessmann) in Eric A. Hanushek, Stephen Machin and Ludger Woessmann (ed.). Handbook of the Economics of Education, Vol. 3, Amsterdam: North Holland, 2011, pp. 89-200.