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Growth/Economic Impact

Format: 2020


Every State’s Economic Future Lies with School Reform. AEI Report, American Enterprise Institute, May 2018.
Student Achievement and Every State's Economic Future. Real Clear Education, April 29, 2016.
Teach the World: Why the UN Sustainable Development Goals Should Focus on Education. (With Ludger Woessmann). Foreign Affairs, August 20, 2015.
The Economic Relevance of Early Childhood Development. In Jörg F. Maas, Simone C. Ehmig, Carolin Seelmann (Ed.), Prepare for Life! Raising Awareness for Early Literacy Education, Stiftung Lesen, Mainz, DE, 2014, pp. 249-253.
Poor student learning explains the Latin American growth puzzle. (with Ludger Woessmann). Vox, August 14, 2009.
Education Quality for Economic Development. Conferencia Internatcional Educação e Desenvolvimento Escola e Sociede, Lisboa: Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, September 2016, pp. 23-32.

Working Papers

The Economic Impacts of Learning Losses. (with Ludger Woessmann). OECD Education Working Paper No. 225, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, September 2020.


The Knowledge Capital of Nations: Education and the Economics of Growth. (with Ludger Woessmann). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2015, 262 pages.
Universal Basic Skills: What countries stand to gain. (with Ludger Woessmann). Paris: OECD Publishing, 2015, 110 pages.
Endangering Prosperity: A Global View of the American School. (with Paul E. Peterson and Ludger Woessmann). Washington, DC: Brookings Press, 2013, 147 pages.

Academic Articles

A quantitative look at the economic impact of the European Union’s educational goals. (with Ludger Woessmann). Education Economics, 28(3), 2020, 225-244.
Education, Knowledge Capital, and Economic Growth. (with Ludger Woessmann). In Steve Bradley and Colin Green (ed.). Economics of Education, 2nd Edition, London: Academic Press, 2020, pp. 171-182.
Knowledge Capital and Economic Growth. (with Ludger Woessmann). In Rolf Becker (ed.). Research Handbook on the Sociology of Education, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2019, pp. 476-497.
Education and the Growth-Equity Trade-off. In Charles Hulten and Valerie Ramey (ed.), Education, Skills and Technical Change: Implications for Future U.S. GDP Growth, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2019, pp. 293-312.
Volkswirtschaftliche Folgen von Bildungsarmut: Was ein Entwicklungsziel „Grundkompetenzen für alle“ erreichen könnte. (with Ludger Woessmann). In Gudrun Quenzel and Klaus Hurrelmann (ed.). Handbuch Bildungsarmut, Springer VS, 2019, pp. 547-554.
Missouri's Economic Future Lies with School Reform. Missouri Policy Journal, 6, Spring 2018, pp. 23-38.
Economic Gains from Educational Reform by US States. (with Jens Ruhose and Ludger Woessmann). Journal of Human Capital, 11(4), Winter 2017, pp. 447-486.
Knowledge Capital and Aggregate Income Differences: Development Accounting for U.S. States. (with Jens Ruhose and Ludger Woessmann). American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, 9(4) , October 2017, pp. 184-224.
Coping with Change: International Differences in the Returns to Skills. (with Guido Schwerdt, Simon Wiederhold, and Ludger Woessmann) . Economic Letters, 153, April 2017, pp. 15-19.