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Format: 2017

Academic Articles

Inferring Program Effects for Specialized Populations: Does Special Education Raise Achievement for Students with Disabilities. (with John F. Kain and Steven G. Rivkin) . Review of Economics and Statistics, 84(4), November 2002, pp. 584-599.
Schooling, Inequality, and the Impact of Government. (with Julie A. Somers). In Finis Welch (ed.). The Causes and Consequences of Increasing Inequality, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001, pp. 169-199.
Black-white Achievement Differences and Governmental Interventions. American Economic Review, 91(2), May 2001, pp. 24-28.
Health and Schooling: Evidence and Policy Implications for Developing Countries. (with João Batista Gomes-Neto, Raimundo Hélio Leite, and Roberto Cláudio Frota-Bezzera) . Economics of Education Review, 16(3), June 1997, pp. 271-282.
Applying Performance Incentives to Schools for Disadvantaged Populations. Education and Urban Society, 29(3), May 1997, pp. 296-316.
The Causes and Consequences of Grade Repetition: Evidence from Brazil. (with João Batista Gomes-Neto) . Economic Development and Cultural Change, 43(1), October 1994, pp. 117-148.
Can Equity Be Separated from Efficiency in School Finance Debates?. In Emily P. Hoffman (ed.), Essays on the Economics of Education, Kalamazoo, MI: Upjohn Institute, 1993, pp. 35-73.
Alternative Poverty Measures and the Allocation of Federal Benefits. (with Roberton Williams). in U.S. Bureau of the Census. Conference on the Measurement of Noncash Benefits, Proceedings, Volume I, Washington, DC: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1986, pp. 104-125.
Sources of Black-White Earnings Differences. Social Science Research, 11(2), June 1982, pp. 103-126.
Regional Differences in the Structure of Earnings. Review of Economics and Statistics, 55(2), May 1973, pp. 204-213.