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Opinions

What Do Test Scores Really Mean for the Economy?(June 04, 2018)

Putting our heads in the sand is not the right answer. Test scores today say a lot about what our labor force will look like over the coming decades. Our current students' skills will dictate our economic future in the long run.

Apprenticeship Programs in a Changing Economic World(June 28, 2017)

In a knowledge-based economy, early employment gains with vocational training may lead to later problems when specific skills become obsolete.

Emulating Germany’s Apprenticeship System Won’t Make America Great Again(June 23, 2017)
We should not delude ourselves into thinking that Trump’s apprenticeship expansion will substitute for our failing K-12 schooling system
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Recent Publications

The Value of Smarter Teachers: International Evidence on Teacher Cognitive Skills and Student Performance. (with Marc Piopuinik and Simon Wiederhold). Journal of Human Resources, forthcoming.
Economic Gains from Educational Reform by US States. (with Jens Ruhose and Ludger Woessmann). Journal of Human Capital, 11(4), Winter 2017, 447-486.
Knowledge Capital and Aggregate Income Differences: Development Accounting for U.S. States. (with Jens Ruhose and Ludger Woessmann). American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, 9(4) , October 2017, 184-224.
Defining Productivity in Education: Issues and Illustrations. (with Elizabeth Ettema). The American Economist, 65(2), October 2017, 165-183.
Coping with Change: International Differences in the Returns to Skills. (with Guido Schwerdt, Simon Wiederhold, and Ludger Woessmann) . Economic Letters, 153, April 2017, 15-19.